Socio-Demographic and Economic Survey in Kabul 2013
Socio-Economic/Monitoring Survey [hh/sems]
Socio-Demographic and Economic Survey (SDES) is a continuing project designed to get vital population information as well as to provide CSO staff additional experience in designing and conduction surveys in a large platform contributing much to one of the primary objectives of the institution's capacity building.
Kabul was the fourth province to have successfully completed the Socio-Demographic and Economic Survey in the country.
SDES in Kabul was launched in June 2013, jointly by the Central Statistics Organization (CSO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) where the latter provided the technical assistance to the entire survey operations. SDES data serve as the benchmark for demographic information at the district level and to some extent, group of villages/enumeration areas. It is the only survey that addresses the need of local development planners for information at the lower level of disaggregation. There are other surveys that CSO has conducted but these are available only at the national and provincial levels.
To achieve a responsive and appropriate policymaking, statistics plays a vital role. In Afghanistan, there has been a longstanding lack of reliable information at the provincial and district levels which hinders the policy making bodies and development planners to come up with comprehensive plans on how to improve the lives of Afghans. With SDES data, though it is not complete yet for the whole country, most of the important indicators in monitoring the progress towards the achievement of Afghanistan's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are being collected.
The main objectives of the survey were:
· Gathering data for evidence based decision making, policy, planning and management
· Providing data for business and industries
· Providing policy and planning for residence housing
· Providing data about vulnerable populations
· Providing data for the basis of humanitarian assistance
· Availability of data for research and analysis
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 01 (March 2015) - Edited For Public Distribution
The scope of the 2013 SDES (in Kabul) covered the following topics:
- Identification particulars
- Individual particulars (relationship to HH head, sex, age, marital status, and parents' living status)
- Birth registration
- Economic and non-economic activity of household members 5 years old and above
- Education for household members 5 years old and above (literacy, educational attainment, and school attendance)
- Fertility for ever-married women
- Deaths in the household (during the past 2 years)
- Characteristics of dwelling units and household facilities
VILLAGE/ ENUMERATION AREA
- Identification particulars (province, district, city name, village name, GPS coordinates)
- Facility, accessibility and others
· Means of transportation to or from the district center
· Water for irrigation (for rural area)
· Water for daily activities
· Community based group functional in last year (for rural area)
· Aid organization providing development service in last year
· Natural disaster latest occurrences and frequency
· Latest occurrence and frequency of road closure
· Potential evacuation sites
· Communication and media availability
Kabul Province Kabul Districts Kabul Villages
The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents)
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistics Organization (CSO)
Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
United Nations Population Fund
Provided technical assistance
Government of Japan
Government of Denmark
Financial assistance on mapping and listing
Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Funded the study
The survey consisted of two related activities: a) the extensive listing and mapping of houses, establishments and institutions (conducted before the household survey) and b) the household survey.
The listing and mapping covered all houses, businesses and institutions in every village and urban area in Kabul Province and included the preparation of sketch maps on which the physical location of each building structure was marked during the canvassing. The locations of important public services, establishments and institutions such as schools, hospitals, banks, etc., were pinpointed using global positioning system (GPS) devices at a later date.
The surveyors used the mapping outputs to guide them in conducting the survey and ensure complete coverage. In total, 16 nahias, and around 843 villages in 14 districts in Kabul Province were canvassed, divided into 3,068 enumeration areas.
The survey first involved a listing of every household in each village. Half of these listed households (i.e. every other household) were taken as samples and asked questions on education, literacy, employment, migration, functional difficulty, fertility, mortality, parents’ living status, birth registration and household and housing characteristics.
Sample weights were calculated for each of the data files at EA level
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The listing and mapping activity was carried out by 343 CSO and hired cartographers and 343 hired assistant cartographers with 60 District Statistics Officers (DSOs)/Nahia Statistics Officers (NSOs) and assistants. The field enumeration was conducted by 2,690 enumerators and 527 controllers, under the supervision of the DSOs/NSOs and their assistants and CSO staff supervisors.
Three questionnaires were used to collect the survey data.
- Listing sheet for village/enumeration area
- Household questionnaire
- Summary sheets for village/enumeration area
Central Statistics Organization (CSO) and UNFPA technical staff were responsible for editing the questionnaires, spot-checking, re-interviewing and recording observations during household interviews in all 16 nahias and 14 districts. This helped to ensure errors were corrected at an early stage of enumeration.
Data encoding and cleaning were also done in Karte-char where 178 encoders were hired and four CSO supervisors were detailed to oversee the whole data processing stage.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Central Statistics Organization
Documentation of the Study
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (September 2016)
Edited version, the original DDI (DDI-AFG-CSO-SDES-Kabul-2013-v01) was downloaded from http://nada.csounfpa.org/index.php/home on September 19, 2016.