In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Trinidad and Tobago Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has three primary objectives that are as follows:
- To provide up-to-date and reliable information for assessing the situation of children and women in Trinidad and Tobago at the end of the decade and for looking forward to the next decade;
- To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action;
- To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Trinidad and Tobago and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation and analysis of such systems.
- To establish an adequate baseline to be used as a reference for future child indicator monitoring.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women, Child
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011.
Child's Questionniare: Breastfeeding, Care of illness, Immunization, Anthropometry
The 2000 Trinidad and Tobago Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women and children.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Office
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
Ministry of Community Empowerment
Ministry of Community Sports
Ministry of Community Consumer Affairs
A self weighted sample for the Trinidad and Tobago Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level and across sixteen administrative areas deemed to be important for sub-national analysis. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, 301 enumeration districts were selected with probability proportional to size. At the second stage, a systematic sample of approximately 4,535 households was selected with probability inversely proportional to size.
Despite the above drawbacks, the Trinidad and Tobago MICS was successful. Of the 4 535 households selected for the sample, 4 234 were found to be occupied. Upon completion of the fieldwork, 4 007 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 94.6 percent (Table 1). Table 1 also shows that household response rates were highest in areas such as the County of St. Patrick (98.8 percent), the Borough of Point Fortin (98.7 percent) and the County of St. Andrew/St. David (98.4 percent). Though still high, the lowest household response rates were observed in the Borough of Arima (91.0 percent) and the contiguous Wards of Tacarigua (91.1 percent) and St. Anns (91.7 percent). In the interviewed households, 4 078 eligible women (aged 15-49 years) were identified and interviewed. With respect to children under the age of 5 years, the corresponding number was 1014.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
At the beginning of the main survey, forty-one (41) field interviewers were deployed to cover three hundred and one (301) EDs in the sixteen (16) administrative areas. In order to conduct an effective survey, the 41 field interviewers were assigned to seven teams each with an average of six interviewers, one field editor and one field supervisor. Six of the teams were located in Trinidad, while one was located in Tobago.
With an average workload of one hundred and twelve (112) households per interviewer, and owing to growth in the sizes of primary sampling units (PSU’s) since the 1990 census, approximately four thousand six hundred (4 600) households were expected to be visited. In addition, it was anticipated that approximately one thousand (1 000) children, under the age of five years, would be identified for weighing and measuring over the survey period.
The main survey was fielded on February 14, 2000 following the training of the field staff. Apart from the Anthropometric module (i.e., the weighing and measuring of children), which was to be conducted only after identifying households with children under the age of 5 years, the remainder of the survey was expected to run for a period of approximately one month, ending on March 17, 2000.
After two days of fieldwork on the main survey, the entire field staff took time off to participate in an assessment of the quality of the data that were being collected. This approach was adopted in order to rectify any misconceptions in the administration of the questionnaire as early as possible and avoid the compounding of errors. At the same time, the opportunity to train interviewers in the procedure for determining the iodine content of salt was embraced with the arrival of the salt iodization kits.
The MICS model questionnaire was used as a guide toward the development of a MICS questionnaire for Trinidad and Tobago. The latter was adapted somewhat to reflect the specificity of Trinidad and Tobago. It sought to obtain data on the characteristics of several units of analysis including households, children ages 0-14 and women aged 15-49. In order to colle ct data pertaining to children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child.
The questionnaire for women contains the following modules:
- Child mortality
- Maternal and newborn health
- Contraceptive use
The questionnaire for children aged under five includes modules on:
- Care of illness
Upon collection, the data were subjected to field editing. Each supervisor was provided with a field editor so that each questionnaire returning from the field could be examined for possible errors made by the interviewers. In the event of any query arising out of the examination of the questionnaire, it was returned to field for the attention of the supervisor and interviewer. The quality of the field editing suffered somewhat because of problems associated with conflict of interest between the MICS and the Census as expressed in item 1 above.
Data entry began on May 7, 2000. The data were initially captured using a data processing program that was developed by the UNICEF Consultant using EPI-INFO. Data entry was interrupted for approximately three weeks due to the sudden departure of the UNICEF Consultant but resumed during the second week in June 2000 when the data were recaptured using the IMPS software.The data entry staff comprised two supervisors and ten data entry clerks. The ten data entry clerks were organized into two shifts. Each shift consisted of five data entry clerks and headed by a supervisor. A system for the 100 % verification of data was put in place. In terms of hardware requirements, six state of the art computers were commissioned.
Questionnaires were placed into batches before being passed to the data entry clerks. One ED constituted a batch. All data were captured and one hundred percent verified by the second week in July 2000.
Data were edited using computer edit programs developed by the computer analyst/programmer. The editing consisted of range checks, intra-module and inter-module consistency checks. There was also an edit check for the violation of conditional skip questions. The data set was subjected to two passes of computer editing. The first pass consisted of range, consistency checks, and checks for the violation of conditional skipped questions. In the second and final pass, inter-module consistency checks were made. By the end of the first week in August 2000, computer editing of the entire data was completed.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
MICS Programme Manager
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library