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Citation Information

Type Conference Paper - CSAE Conference on —Understanding Poverty and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa
Title The effects of household resources and community factors on child health: evidence from Nigeria
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2002
City Oxford
URL http://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/conferences/2002-UPaGiSSA/papers/Olaniyan-csae2002.pdf
Abstract
The importance of health for an individual‘s well-being cannot be overemphasised because of its link to child poverty and development of adult human capital. This paper examines the effects of household resources and community-level variables on child health (as indicated by the anthropometric measures of weight for height and height for age). While height reflects cumulative measure of investment in health and possibly non-health human capital, weight measures the current health status of the child. The data used for this study are drawn from the 1999 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Nigeria. The survey covers the whole country and questionnaires were administered to 18,300 households. We employ a model of health (nutrition) status derived from the maximisation of household utility function. The model is estimated separately for weight for height and height for age of children aged 0- 6 and expressed as Z scores. It examines the effects of household resources, parental education as well as community-level variables on child health status. We also explore the issue of nonlinearities in parental education as well as interaction between some community variables and parental education. We also run separate regressions for urban and rural households. In addition, we control for unobserved household-level heterogeneity by estimating a fixed effects equation. Our results suggest significant relationships between household resources, community factors and child health.

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