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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - BMC cardiovascular disorders
Title Prevalence of lower extremity Peripheral artery disease among adult diabetes patients in Southwestern Uganda
Author(s)
Volume 14
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 75
URL http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2261/14/75
Abstract
Background
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major complication of atherosclerosis. PAD can be diagnosed with low-cost diagnostic techniques and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While the major epidemiologic risk factors for PAD have been established in the western world, data from resource-poor countries are limited. We performed a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and correlates of PAD among patients with diabetes at Mbarara Referral Hospital in southwestern Uganda.

Methods
We consecutively enrolled diabetes patients aged 50 years or greater presenting to the outpatient clinic. We collected blood for fasting lipid profile, HIV serology, and glycosylated hemoglobin, measured blood pressure and ankle brachial index, and administered the Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire (ECQ). We also surveyed patients for other PAD risk factors. We used logistic regression to determine correlates of PAD.

Results
We enrolled 229 diabetes patients. The median age of 60 years (IQR 55–66), and 146 (63.7%) were female. Fifty five patients (24%) had PAD (ABI of?=?0.9). Of these, 48 /55 (87.27%) had mild PAD (ABI 0.71-0.9) while 7/55 (12.73%) had moderate to severe PAD (ABI?
Conclusion
PAD was common in diabetic patients in southwestern Uganda. Given its low cost and ease of measurement, ABI deserves further assessment as a screening tool for both PAD and long term cardiovascular risk amongst diabetics in this region.

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