|Type||Journal Article - AIDS|
|Title||Child mortality associated with reasons for non-breastfeeding and weaning: is breastfeeding best for HIV-positive mothers?|
Objective: To estimate child mortality associated with reasons for the non-initiation of breastfeeding and weaning caused by preceding morbidity, compared with voluntary weaning as a result of maternal choice.
Methods: Demographic and Health Surveys were analysed from 14 developing countries. Women reported whether they initiated lactation or weaned, and if so, their reasons for non-initiation or stopping breastfeeding were classified as voluntary choice or as a result of preceding maternal/infant illness. Rates of child mortality and survival analyses were estimated, by reasons for non-breastfeeding or weaning.
Results: Mortality was highest among never-breastfed children. Child mortality among women who never initiated breastfeeding was significantly higher than among women who weaned. Preceding maternal/infant morbidity was the most common reason for not breastfeeding (63.9%), and the mortality of children never breastfed because of preceding morbidity was higher than in children not breastfed as a result of maternal choice; 326.8 per 1000 versus 34.8 per 1000, respectively. Mortality among breastfed children who were weaned because of preceding morbidity was higher than among those weaned voluntarily; 19.2 per 1000 versus 9.3 per 1000, respectively. Failure to initiate lactation was significantly more frequent among women reporting complications of delivery and with low birthweight infants.
Conclusion: Child mortality as a result of the voluntary non-initiation of breastfeeding or voluntary weaning was lower than previously estimated, and this should be used as a benchmark when counselling HIV-positive mothers on the risks of non-breastfeeding or weaning to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
|»||Bangladesh - Demographic and Health Survey 1996-1997|
|»||Brazil - Pesquisa Nacional Sobre Demografia e Saúde 1996|
|»||Colombia - Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud 1995|
|»||Dominican Republic - Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud 1996|
|»||Ghana - Demographic and Health Survey 1998|
|»||Haiti - Enquête Mortalité, Morbidité et Utilisation des Services 1994-1995|
|»||Kenya - Demographic and Health Survey 1998|
|»||Morocco - Enquête Nationale sur la Population et la Santé 1992|
|»||Pakistan - Demographic and Health Survey 1990-1991|
|»||Paraguay - Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud 1990|
|»||Philippines - National Demographic and Health Survey 1998|
|»||Uganda - Demographic and Health Survey 1995|
|»||Zambia - Demographic and Health Survey 1996|
|»||Zimbabwe - Demographic and Health Survey 1994|