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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Sexual Health
Title Prevalence and Motivations of Vaginal Practices in Tete Province, Mozambique
Volume 24
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Page numbers 205-217
URL http://www.wider.unu.edu/publications/working-papers/2014/en_GB/wp2014-129/_files/92620518587761168/​default/wp2014-129.pdf
Changes in the relative prices of commodities consumed in different shares across
income groups are known to influence real measures of inequality. Using household budget survey
and price data in Mozambique from 2002/03 and 2008/09, we show that accounting for the
relative price changes driven by the food and fuel price crisis substantially increases real inequality,
by about two Gini points. This result is obtained by computing a price deflator that explicitly
reflects divergent price dynamics of different product categories. The difference in measured
inequality is larger in regions where consumers are more dependent on imported food, particularly
those in urban and southern areas of the country. Since the main factors driving this result prevail
in other countries, the approach points to the likelihood of widespread underestimation of
inequality as a result of the secular increase in basic food prices observed since about 2000, and
sharp increases experienced during the 2007–09 food and fuel price crisis.

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