Using data from the 1989 Bangladesh Fertility Survey and the 1993-94 and 1996-97 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys, this article investigates the effect of education on fertility. It also examines the effect of education on age at marriage at different time periods. Well-educated women were observed to have fewer children than uneducated women. The data also show that the average age at marriage is more than two years higher for women having secondary or higher level of education compared to those who have no education. Educational attainment of woman is generally considered to be a useful index of socioeconomic status as well as of the level of overall social sophistication and, therefore, it is inversely related to the desire for additional children.