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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Agricultural and Development Economics Division Working Paper
Title Familiar faces, familiar places: The role of family networks and previous experience for Albanian migrants
Author(s)
Volume 05
Issue 03
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2005
URL ftp://193.43.36.93/docrep/fao/007/ae592e/ae592e00.pdf
Abstract
Using data from the 2003 Albania Panel Survey, the paper sets out to achieve two main objectives. First, we fully characterize the evolution of Albanian international migration since the fall of Communism in 1990. We distinguish between permanent and temporary migration, and between the two principal destinations, Greece and Italy. Second, we explore, using multivariate analysis, what individual, household and community level factors influence the current decision to migrate internationally, focusing on the role of previous personal experience and family networks.
We find evidence of important changes over time in the pull and push factors that drive migration flows. While early on in the transition political and economic factors were predominant, over time personal experience and household migration networks assumed a fundamental role, facilitating growth in migration even in times of the relatively stable economic conditions. Other individual, household, and community factors have an important role in the decision to migrate, and these factors vary by type of migration and destination. Furthermore, the spatial configuration of migration is also changing: both temporary and permanent migration are expanding into new parts of the country

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