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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Title Statistical modelling of social risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases among female youths in Nigeria
Volume 7
Issue 01
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 017-027
URL http://www.jidc.org/index.php/journal/article/download/2272/814
Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are preventable, but the social risks factors connected to them are often not understood,
particularly by female youths. There has been a dearth of information on the identification of social risk factors influencing STDs among
female youths in Nigeria, hence we conducted this study.
Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study utilized the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. It focused on female
youths aged 15-24 (n=7,736) who ever had sexual intercourse. Data was analyzed using Chi-square and logistic regression models.
Results: The mean age of the respondents was 20.2±2.5years. More female youths aged between 20 and 24 years contracted STDs in the last
12 months (2.5%) than those between the ages of 15 and 19 months (1.4%). A year prevalence of STDs among female youths in Nigeria was
2.1%. Socio-demographic factors such as age, education, wealth index, marital status, shared toilet, residence, contraceptive use, and total
life-time number of sexual partners were found to be associated risk factors for contracting STDs (p<0.05). Controlling for potential
confounding variables at the fifth iteration, the identified predictors of contracting STDs were wealth index, total lifetime number of sexual
partners, awareness of HIV/AIDS, and shared toilet facility (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The data confirmed the considerable impact of wealth index and awareness of HIV/AIDS as important predictors of STDs
acquisition. Providing free condoms, along with teaching the importance of abstinence and improving knowledge of HIV/AIDS, can help to
reduce the risk of STDs transmission.

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