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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Health Policy and Planning
Title Delivery-related complications and determinants of caesarean section rates in India
Volume 17
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2002
Page numbers 90
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11861590
Caesarean section rates have been increasing worldwide, raising the question of the appropriateness of the selection of cases for the procedure. This paper examines the levels and correlates of delivery-related complications and caesarean section deliveries in 18 selected states of India in terms of specific maternal and institutional factors, using data from the National Family Health Surveys, 1992-93. Goa (15.3%) and Kerala (13.7%) were the two states with relatively higher caesarean section rates. There is reason to believe that current rates are part of a rising trend. This cannot be attributed entirely to the rise in institutional deliveries alone because of the strong association between caesarean sections and private sector institutions. Apart from the fact that the states of Kerala and Goa have relatively high caesarean section rates, in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh the risk of undergoing caesarean section in private sector institutions is four or more times that in the public sector. It is possible that this extremely useful surgical procedure is being misused for profit purposes in the private sector in several states. There is therefore a need to examine this phenomenon using data disaggregated by the nature of caesarean sections, i.e. whether it was an elective or an emergency caesarean section along with the reasons for the choice

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