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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Seizure
Title Epilepsy in India: nuptiality behaviour and fertility
Volume 15
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2006
Page numbers 409-415
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16781171
he study was conducted to assess the marital status and fertility in adults with epilepsy.

The study group consisted of 240 subjects with epilepsy aged 15 and above, Unmarried males (m) 55, unmarried females (f) 73 and married males 48, married females 64. Data was collected according to standard protocol regarding age, sex, age at marriage and onset of seizure, effect of epilepsy on marriage, type of seizure and control, fertility pattern and abortions. The study group was followed up for 30 months. The data was compared with latest available state and national data using Student's ‘t’-test, chi square, Fisher Z-test.

The mean age of married subjects was 26.19 + 6.2 years and of the unmarried was 24.94 ± 7.1 years. People with epilepsy had significantly (p < 0.05) higher mean age at marriage, significantly (p < 0.05) lower rate of marriage (m 46.6% f 46.72%), significantly (p < 0.05) higher divorce rate and withheld marriage. Females compared to males had higher divorce rate (f 5.84%) and withheld marriage (m 5.45% f 10.96%).

The marriage rate of subjects with onset of epilepsy in the first decade (m 38.71% f 34.09%) and second decade (m 33.33% f 35.42%) was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than that of subjects with age at onset of epilepsy greater than 20 years (m 66.67% f 71.11%). Subjects with epilepsy not in remission had significantly (p < 0.05) higher mean age at marriage, lower marriage rate and lower fertility per person-year of marriage than those in remission. Majority (95.54%) did not disclose epilepsy before marriage. Total fertility rate (TFR) in males (4.56) and females (5.45) with epilepsy was comparable to general population. Abortions per pregnancy were 4.76%.

Subjects with epilepsy had lower marriage prevalence rate, delayed marriage (especially females), withheld marriage and higher divorce rate compared to general population. Marriage rate was lower in people with age at onset of epilepsy less than 20 years and in whom seizures were not in remission. Majority of people with epilepsy did not disclose epilepsy before marriage. Though fertility was not affected in people with epilepsy as compared to general population, males had lower fertility than females.

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