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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 11-008
Title Orphans at risk in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence on educational and health outcomes
Author(s)
Volume 11008
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
URL http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1759430
Abstract
In this paper, we examine how orphanhood affects children’s educational and health outcomes in eleven sub-Saharan African countries. Our analysis is based on a comparison of orphans and non-orphaned children living under the same conditions. We also examine the impacts of various family structures and compare social orphans (non-orphaned children not living with a biological parent) to orphans. Using household fixed-effects estimation, we provide evidence that children not living with a biological parent lag behind in education and are more often malnourished and stunted. Educational gaps are particularly evident among orphans and social orphans not living with a mother. The effect of paternal death or absence is rather modest in most countries.

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