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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Health promotion perspectives
Title Pesticides Residue in Drinking Groundwater Resources of Rural Areas in the Northwest of Iran
Author(s)
Volume 4
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 195-205
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4300446/
Abstract
Background:The majority of rural population in Iran depends on groundwater resources for drinking purposes. In recent years, pesticide contamination of limited water resources has become a serious challenge worldwide. This study quantified the pesticides residue in rural groundwater resources in the northwest of Iran.

Methods: A total of 78 groundwater samples were collected in June and Sep-tember 2011 from all 39 drinking water wells. Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) followed by Gas Chroma9tography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to determine the selected pesticides.

Results: Detection frequencies of profenofos, malathion, diazinon, endosulfan, trifluralin, deltamethrin, methyl parathion, and fenitrothion were determined with the concentrations exceeded 0.1 µg/L in 2.6, 17.9, 15.4, 10.3, 2.6, 2.6, 7.7, and 44.9% of the samples, respectively. Total pesticides residue was also ob-served in 26.9% of the samples with concentrations exceeded 0.5 µg/L. Among them, profenofos, malathion and diazinon were detected as the most frequently observed pesticides with the maximum concentrations of 0.542, 0.456 and 0.614 µg/L, respectively.

Conclusion: Higher pesticides residue than European Economic Commission (EEC) guidelines occurred in a number of monitored resources.

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