Rwanda has experienced remarkable reductions in poverty from 59 percent in 2000/01 to 45 percent in 2010/11 (NISR, 2012). Social protection sector has equally evolved recently, both in terms of extending coverage of new programs and developing core functions on policy and strategy. The sector has matured from fragmented and largely off-budget donor programs to an increasingly government-owned and coherent system of interventions. But many Rwandans remain in extreme deprivation and are often stuck in chronic poverty. The sector thus needs to evolve further by deepening systems and reforms to the implementation level, increasing current low coverage of the poor by the core social safety nets programs and adequately responding to the changing needs of poverty and vulnerability. The government remains committed to pro-poor reforms and ensuring inclusive growth is sustained and enhanced.