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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Title Effects of non tariff barriers on market participation for maize smallholder farmers in Tanzania
Author(s)
Volume 7
Issue 11
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 373-385
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JDAE/article-full-text-pdf/C82519655878
Abstract
This study assessed the effects of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) on market participation for maize
smallholder farmers in the major maize producing districts of Mbozi and Momba in Mbeya region
located in the Southern Highland of Tanzania. A two-stage stratified sampling was used in selecting 240
smallholder farmers from the selected villages in two districts and interviewed. In estimating the effects
of NTBs on market participation and quantity of maize sold by farmers, the two-stage Henchman model
was used. Results showed that, NTBs and distance to market had negative effects on the quantity of
maize supplied and market participation. This implies that, for every 100% increase in application of
NTBs by the government could decrease market participation and sell of maize by 77% from
smallholder farmers. However, ownership of assets and amount of harvest were found to increase
maize supply and market participation by 68 and 2%, respectively. The study concluded that,
application of NTBs policies in Tanzania could not increase supply of maize especially on surplus
regions and districts. In contrast could discourage farmers’ market participation. Therefore, it was
recommend that, government should eliminate discriminative NTBs and improve market infrastructures
such as roads and storage facilities in order to increase farmers’ market participation.

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