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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Title Management of childhood diarrhea by patent medicine vendors in Enugu north local government area, south-east Nigeria
Volume 2
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 88-93
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJMMS/article-full-text-pdf/C39437A85
The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in Enugu North LGA, Enugu State, Nigeria
in November, 2008. Ninety patent medicine vendors were studied using semi-structured interviewer
administered questionnaires. Information on knowledge and management of diarrhea in under-fives was
obtained. The patent medicine vendors had good knowledge (64.0%) of the types, causes, signs and
effects of diarrhea but their knowledge on steps to prevent or improve diarrhea outcome was poor
(33.3%). Their knowledge of therapeutic use of oral rehydration solution (ORS) and salt sugar solution
(SSS) was also poor (46.9%). Though sixty-two (68.9%) respondents identified ORS as their first line
treatment of diarrhea in children, nineteen (21.1%) of them do not stock ORS. Metronidazole is the drug
most commonly used in management of childhood diarrhea. The knowledge of patent medicine vendors
on the prevention of diarrhea in children is poor. There should be routine health education campaign on
appropriate management of mild childhood diarrheal diseases.

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