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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences
Title Comparative assessment of floral and faunal diversity of two proposed project sites in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria
Volume 1
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 55-62
URL http://ijpaes.com/admin/php/uploads/29_pdf.pdf
Developmental projects are multiplying in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria with their
accompanying deleterious impacts on biodiversity. The study was conducted to evaluate the tree and
animal species diversity of two proposed project sites – The Rivers State Sports Complex (RSSC) and the
Rivers Songhai Initiative (RSI) – located in Obi/Akpor and Tai Local Government Areas of Rivers State
respectively, in order to provide baseline data necessary for the monitoring of future impacts. Tree
enumeration was carried out using twenty 35m x 35m quadrats randomly distributed in each of the sites
while the animal species enumeration was done using 10 systematically established counting points in
each of the sites. A total of 231 individuals belonging to 17 tree species were encountered in the RSSC
Site while 303 individuals belonging to 7 tree species were encountered in the RSI Site. Elaeis guineensis
was the most abundant tree species in both sites with a density of 104.08 and 46.12 trees/hectare in the
RSI and RSSC Sites respectively. The RSSC Site compared better than RSI Site in terms of tree diversity.
A total of 167 individuals belonging to 17 and 10 animal species were encountered in the RSSC Site and
RSI Site respectively. Cephalophus sp. with a frequency of 14.97% was the most abundant animal species
in the RSSC Site while Ploceus aurantius with a frequency of 32.93% was the most abundant animal
species in the RSI Site. In terms animal species diversity, the RSSC Site also compared better than the
RSI Site. Animal species similarity (Sorensen’s Index: 47.06) for both sites was higher than tree species
similarity (Sorensen’s Index: 26.32). The proposed projects are most likely to exacerbate the poor status
of tree and animal diversity in the study sites. The use of low impact techniques to ensure minimal
damage to the residual vegetation during clearance was suggested

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