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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology
Title Causes and Consequences of Inequality in the STEM: Diversity and its Discontents
Volume 7
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 321-342
URL http://genderandset.open.ac.uk/index.php/genderandset/article/viewFile/307/717
Social Science research on science careers tends to focus on gender as the primary
mechanism affecting which people enter and succeed in science. Despite the often
narrow focus on gender, the demographic composition of many science fields in the
US has changed considerably as the US workforce incorporated more women,
people of color, and non-US born workers following important legal changes in the
1960s. Using data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) (1%
samples for 1960 and 1970, 5% samples from 1980, 1990 and 2000) as well as the
American Community Survey from 2009, we show how a narrow focus on gender
oversimplifies the racial and increasingly global dynamics of the scientific labor
force. We further examine the factors that produce and constrain the scientific labor
force sustaining the complex inequality we see when we disaggregate the
demographic profiles of two exemplary science fields, Computing and Life Science.

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