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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Arts and Design Studies
Title Characteristics of Early Ecclesiastical Architecture in Lagos State in Nigeria
Author(s)
Volume 19
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 19-24
URL http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/2892/1/Dr. Adeboye A. B. 2.pdf
Abstract
Considering the fact that the period between 1854 and 1929AD has been identified as the first phase of
emergence and development of ecclesiastical architecture in Nigeria, this, therefore, became the earliest period
and this study examined the characteristics of the church buildings during this period. Among the churches that
were built during this period, five were significantly prominent and still exist. This study examined two because
those buildings shared similar characteristics. As the study was an explorative one and historical in nature it
adopted qualitative method of non-participant observation, historical and unstructured interview methods of
gathering data using descriptive method of analysis. This study found that Churches were dominated by foreign
established missions as indigenous ones were yet to evolve. Gothic style dominated the period characterised by
its usual strong focus on verticality, pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, large stained glass windows,
ornaments and pinnacles. Construction works and financing relied heavily on foreign input. It also noted that
construction materials were imported and the church buildings were more of foreign monuments rather than
industrial or make-shift. Nigerian cultural, geographical, geological, climatic, existing religious and social
factors were not major considerations. The study concluded that the characteristics of the early church buildings
were significantly at variance with the current trends

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