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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Malaria Journal
Title Factors associated with use of malaria control interventions by pregnant women in Buwunga subcounty, Bugiri District
Author(s)
Volume 15
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
URL https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-016-1407-2
Abstract
Background
In Uganda, the Government has promoted the use of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) and insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) as malaria control strategies for pregnant women. However, their utilization among pregnant women is low. This study aimed at assessing factors associated with use of IPTp for malaria and ITNs by pregnant women in Buwunga sub-county, Bugiri District.

Methods
This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in Buwunga sub-county, Bugiri District, employing quantitative data collection tools. A total of 350 household members were randomly selected to participate in the study. Data were entered and analysed using Epi info version 3.5.1; bivariable and multivariable analysis was done to assess the factors associated with use of IPTp and ITNs among pregnant women.

Results
The level of uptake of IPTp1 (at least one dose) was 63.7 % while IPTp2 (at least two doses) was 42.0 %. More than half (58.6 %) of the mothers had slept under an ITN the night before the survey. Slightly more than half (51.9 %) of the mothers mentioned stock outs as the major reason for not accessing IPTp and ITNs. The main factors that were statistically significant for IPTp2 uptake were the knowledge of mothers on IPTp2 (AOR 2.48 95 % CI 1.53–4.02) and providing women with free clean water at the antenatal care (ANC) clinic (AOR 3.63 95 % CI 2.06–6.39). Factors that were significant for ITN utilization included education level of mothers (AOR 2.03 95 % CI 1.09–3.78), ease of access (AOR 2.74 95 % CI 1.65–4.52), and parity (AOR 1.71 95 % CI 1.01–1.29).

Conclusion
The level of uptake of the two recommended doses of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP) tablets for malaria prevention (IPTp2) was low, slightly more than half of the mothers slept under an ITN the night before the survey. Appropriate measures to increase the level of uptake of IPTp2 and coverage of ITNs among pregnant women should be implemented, and these include providing health education about IPTp and ITNs, and ensuring that mothers are provided with free safe clean water at ANC clinic.

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