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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Title Agricultural productivity, efficiency and growth in a semi-arid country: A case study of Botswana
Author(s)
Volume 10
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 192-206
URL http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/211667/2/2 Temoso et al.pdf
Abstract
This paper attempts to examine and revisit the trends in agricultural productivity in Botswana.
Using secondary data from six regions of Botswana for the period 1979 to 2012, we estimate
components of total factor productivity (TFP) using the Färe-Primont index. Estimates of technical
change and changes in technical efficiency, scale efficiency and mix efficiency are obtained. The
results show that the annual TFP has declined gradually over the period, predominantly due to a
decline in technical efficiency and a slight decline in mix efficiency and scale efficiency. The
regions with a significant proportion of arable agriculture performed worse than those that
specialise in livestock production, thus confirming the comparative advantage of extensive livestock
production in semi-arid countries such as Botswana. This study shows how the finer decomposition
of TFP into different measures may assist in the identification of the main drivers of productivity
and associated policies.

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