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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Prime Journal of Social Science
Title Prevalence and risk factors for urinary tract infections among pregnant women
Author(s)
Volume 2
Issue 12
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 524-531
URL http://www.primejournal.org/PJSS/pdf/2013/dec/Wamalwa et al.pdf
Abstract
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) during pregnancy are among the most common health problems worldwide afflicting many
women in their reproductive years especially in developing countries. Due to several anatomical and hormonal changes,
pregnant women are more susceptible to develop UTIs. UTIs have several adverse outcomes both on the woman and the
fetus. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of UTIs during pregnancy and the factors associated with UTIs. Data
collection involved physical assessments; urinalysis and urine culture was done on a midstream urine sample. Two
hundred and sixty (260) pregnant women attending the clinic for the current pregnancy were systematically sampled from
the Ante-Natal Care (ANC) clinic. Data analyses included both simple univariate cross-tabulations as well as binary logistic
regression models using SPSS version 15. The prevalence of UTIs among pregnant women was (14.2%) regardless of the
women's age, parity and gestational age. Of the urogenital hygiene risk factors assessed, only the type of undergarment
material was found to be strongly (OR= 10.64) significantly (P= 0.000) contributing to the occurrence of UTI among the
pregnant women. The lifestyle factors associated with UTI occurrence were not significant in contributing to the occurrence.
Of the sexual practices surveyed, which are; multiple sexual partners, frequency of sexual intercourse, bath post coitus,
vaginal douching and family planning method were not significantly associated with the UTI occurrence.

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