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Type Journal Article - International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences
Title Influence of Environmental Scanning on Performance of HIV and AIDS Interventions Managed by NonGovernmental Organizations in Nyanza Region
Volume 7
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 126-144
URL http://hrmars.com/hrmars_papers/Influence_of_Environmental_Scanning_on_Performance_of_HIV_and_AIDS_I​nterventions_Managed_by_Non-Governmental_Organizations_in_Nyanza_Region.pdf
Interventions on Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome
(HIV and AIDS) face major challenges of resource constraints, relevance, efficiency and because
of inadequate environmental scanning during strategic planning processes at global, regional,
national, and county levels. The purpose of this study is to assess the influence of
environmental scanning on performance of HIV and AIDS interventions managed by nongovernmental
organisations (NGOs) in Nyanza Region and the moderating influence of
stakeholder participation in such relationship. The study adopted ex-post facto survey design in
a mixed method approach. The sampling frame comprised 54 departmental heads as well as 6
managers/directors from three NGO National coordinating bodies. Purposive sampling
techniques was used to pick the respondents. Self-administered questionnaires and Key
informant interview guides were used to collect data. It was established that there was a
significant weak positive relationship between environmental scanning and the performance of
HIV and AIDS interventions, r (50)=0.117,p= 0.418,CL=95%. Stakeholder participation
significantly moderated the relationship between environmental scanning and performance of
HIV and AIDS interventions, r (50)=0.024,p=0.033,CL=95%. It is inferred that most organization
conducted environmental scanning but did not realize optimal outcomes. Environmental
scanning and stakeholder participation added value to HIV and AIDS interventions, though to a small extent. It is recommended that NGOs managing HIV and AIDS interventions should reexamine
their environmental scanning processes for effectiveness. The NGOs also need
strengthen stakeholder participation in the environmental scanning processes.

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