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Citation Information

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Master of Arts
Title Determinants of implementation of HIV/AIDS related programmes targeting secondary school students in Kisumu East District, Kenya
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/11295/63075/Odongo_Determinants of implementation of​Hiv aids related programmes.pdf?sequence=3
Abstract
Kisumu East District had had the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate which stands
at 14% against the National prevalence rate of 6.8% according to the National Aids
Control council. Amongst the youth and secondary school going children HIV/AIDS new
infections has increased with 8%. However, HIV/AIDS programme have been minimal in
schools. For this reason the purpose of this study was to establish determinants of
HIV/AIDS related programme among secondary schools students. The study was set to
answer the following research questions; to what extent do teacher training influence
implementation of HIV/AIDS related programme among secondary schools students in
Kisumu East District; to what extent do availability of resources influence
implementation of HIV/AIDS programme among students in Kisumu East district? To
what extent do government policies influence implementation of HIV/AIDS related
programme among secondary school students in Kisumu East? and to what extent do
teachers and students’ attitudes influence implementation of HIV/AIDS related
programme in secondary schools in Kisumu East? The study adopted descriptive survey
design. The population of this study compromised of 13,905 students, 45 head teachers
and 45 Guidance and Counseling department. Using Cole’s formula for sample selection,
375 students were selected whereas using 1/3 rule 15 heads of guidance and counseling
departments were picked and 15 head-teachers. Individual students and teachers
questionnaires, interview schedule were used to collect data. A pilot study was conducted
to establish reliability of instruments whereas validity was ascertained by presenting the
instruments to experts of research methods at the University of Nairobi whose
suggestions were used to correct the instruments. Quantitative data was analyzed using
descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages counts whereas qualitative data
was transcribed, organized into relevant themes of the study and reported. The study
found that there was implementation of HIV/AIDs programme in secondary schools in
Kisumu east district. Holders of relevant papers like Bachelors degree and masters
employ variety of methods to disseminate information to students. They also exhibit
professionalism in the subject. The study further found that the training and in service
courses offered to teachers was inadequate. The study established that the curriculum
and syllabuses were not relevant. The study found out that resources received for
implementation of HIV/AIDS programme were inadequate. The study established that
government policies on HIV/AIDS implementation were received by Head teachers but
people charged with the responsibilities of implementation do not receive the documents.
That is HOD guidance and counseling. The study recommended that teachers, head
teachers and HODs guidance and counseling should be more focused at implementation
level so that students open up and get the urge to participate in VCT sessions in Kisumu
East District. Further, the study recommended that time allocated for teaching HIV/AIDS
in secondary schools should be extended with emphasis to bringing out desired behavior
change. The study also recommended that concerted effort by all stakeholders was
required to set aside resources required for implementation of HIV/AIDs programme in
schools. The study further recommended that government should come up with relevant
policies on stigma, VCT counseling sessions and enact and implement laws which can
protect the infected and work towards eradicating stigma in secondary schools in Kisumu
East District. The study was limited to Kisumu East District. Further studies on the same
topic could be extended to other parts of Kenya.

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