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Citation Information

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Master of Arts
Title Factors determining integration of disability mainstreaming in agricultural extension services in the Ministry of Agriculture. A case of Machakos County, Kenya
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/11295/60460/Otieno_Factors determining integration​of disability mainstreaming in agricultural extension services.pdf?sequence=3
Government Institutions are in the core business of providing essential services to the citizens
in Kenya as a matter of necessity and right amidst rising populations of people with disability
in rural areas. Previous studies conducted on disability mainstreaming have been mostly done
in the developed world which embraced the medical and charity models of disability
mainstreaming. However, many studies on disability mainstreaming have not directly
considered disability in agriculture. This study therefore sought to assess the extent to which
disability mainstreaming is integrated in agricultural extension services offered in Machakos
County, Kenya using the social model. A descriptive survey research design was used that
relied on both qualitative and quantitative data with a hundred and eight agricultural extension
staff being the target population. Primary data was collected using questionnaires and focus
group discussions and then analyzed using descriptive statistics to discover themes, patterns,
associations, explanations and general statements about the relationships among categories of
data. The results of the study indicate that the greatest challenge facing integration of
disability mainstreaming in agricultural extension services in Machakos County is low
awareness and training on disability which finally results in low attitudinal change among the
staff. The extension coordination offices in their current states cannot also adequately provide
for essential services to suit the physical needs of people with disability. Information
dissemination was established to be largely through use of text based learning materials, thus
inhibiting personalized learning and the provision of alternate formats when required by
people with disability. The development of appropriate technologies by extension staff was
inadequate and so people with disability could not immediately benefit despite their unique
varied needs. From the study, it is recommended that the leadership of agricultural extension
in Machakos County needs to enhance knowledge and skills of its staff on disability and
inclusive development by providing trainings on disability awareness, improving physical
environment, packaging and disseminating information in alternative forms and developing
simple cost effective agricultural technologies for adoption by persons with disabilities. The
study recommends that further research be carried out to assess the determinants of
integration of disability mainstreaming in extension services, using the people with disability
while applying the human rights based model. It also recommended that further research be
carried out to determine other factors affecting research on appropriate technologies for
integrating people with disabilities into mainstream society

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