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Type Journal Article - International Journal of Law, Humanities & Social Science
Title Knowledge and Attitudes of University Workers towards HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe
Author(s)
Volume 1
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 1-13
URL http://www.ijlhss.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Knowledge-and-Attitudes-of-University-Workers-towar​ds-HIV-and-AIDS-in-Zimbabwe.pdf
Abstract
HIV and AIDS are major problems in Zimbabwe. They are affecting families,
workplaces, communities and the whole country. Literature shows that HIV and AIDS affect
the workplace because of absenteeism, stigmatisation, deaths and disruption of workplace
programmes. Universities as workplace and academic institutions are negatively affected by
HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to find out knowledge and attitudes of University
workers towards HIV and AIDS. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study done at a
University in Zimbabwe. A convenience sampling method was used to obtain a sample from a
total population of four hundred workers. The main research instruments were questionnaires
and interviews. For questionnaires one hundred and twenty (120) respondents were sampled
and twelve (12) respondents were interviewed. Data was presented in the form of tables, figures
and pie charts before analysis, interpretation and discussion. The study revealed that workers
had basic general knowledge on HIV and AIDS. University workers’ sources of information
on HIV and AIDS were mainly television, family members, workshops, short courses and
newspapers. Findings also revealed that workers were aware of HIV prevention measures but
did not always practice risk reduction behavior. The management of University was not doing
much to implement HIV and AIDS programmes for its workers. The BUSE management in
consultation with its stakeholders must implement HIV and AIDS workplace policy. Lives of
workers living with HIV and AIDS would be improved by comprehensive HIV and AIDS
management strategies. It is recommended that the University should subsidise medical
treatment for staff members at the Student Health Clinic and offer voluntary counselling and
testing services for HIV. More research is needed to establish and evaluate HIV and AIDS
Programmes at the workplace as well as care and support towards employees infected and
affected with HIV and AIDS.

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