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Type Journal Article - Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad
Title Reasons for failure of exclusive breastfeeding in children less than six months of age
Author(s)
Volume 25
Issue 1-2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 165-167
URL http://ayubmed.edu.pk/jamc/index.php/jamc/article/view/1882
Abstract
Background: Human milk is the natural food for full term infants and is the most appropriate milk for
the human infants. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of common reasons of
failure of exclusive breastfeeding in children less than six months of age. Methods: It was a crosssectional
study conducted at Rawal institute of health sciences (RIHS) from March to October 2013.
Three hundred and ten infant-mother pairs not receiving exclusive breastfeeding were included.
Results: The mean infants’ age was 99.2±57.9 days and 185 (59.7%) were male infants. The average
number of children in the family was 2.74±1.86, the mean monthly income was 16542±12761 rupees;
169 (54.5%) infants belonged to urban areas, 122 (39.3%) babies were low birth weight; 241 (77.7%)
infants were born in the hospital; majority, i.e., 135 (43.5%) mothers were illiterate majority, i.e., 282
(91%) mothers were housewives. In only 2 (0.6%) babies the breast feeding was started within <1 hour
after birth. Among the study group 246 (79.4%) were partially breastfed and 64 (20.6%) were
completely bottle-fed, 90 (29%) were already started on complementary feeding and the mean age of
starting complementary feeding was 4.54±0.783 months. The commonest reason of failure of exclusive
breastfeeding was insufficient milk production in 289 (93.2%), working mother in 13 (4.2%) mothers,
illness of baby in 2 (0.65%), illness of mother in 6 (1.9%) cases. Conclusion: The commonest reason
of failure of exclusive breastfeeding was insufficient milk production in over 90% cases and was
followed by working mother, illness of baby and illness of mother in the remaining.

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