Antiretroviral drugs were introduced into Uganda during the past decade and have revolutionised the treatment of AIDS. However, in as much as success was recorded, new challenges emerged. One such challenge was the continued use of condoms. This study investigated existing knowledge, attitudes and practices of condom use in a time of highly active antiretroviral therapy in a rural area. A quantitative, cross sectional design, with probability sampling form the general population was utilised. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect data which was then analysed at the descriptive statistics level. The results indicated that: knowledge of HIV, its transmission, condoms and antiretroviral drugs were high among the respondents; condom acceptance and use were low; and respondents would not intentionally engage in unprotected sexual intercourse because of availability of ARVs. However it was acknowledged that some people taking ARVs have engaged in risky sexual behaviours that would expose others to infection.