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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Advances in preventive medicine
Title An overview of HIV prevention interventions for people who inject drugs in Tanzania
Volume 2013
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/apm/2013/183187.pdf
In the past decade, Tanzania has seen a rapid rise in the number of people who inject drugs (PWID), speci�cally heroin. While the
overall HIV prevalence in Tanzania has declined recently to 5.6%, in 2009, the HIV prevalence among PWID remains alarmingly
high at 35%. In this paper, we describe how the Tanzania AIDS Prevention Program (TAPP), Médecins du Monde France (MdMF),
and other organisations have been at the forefront of addressing this public health issue in Africa, implementing a wide array
of harm reduction interventions including medication-assisted treatment (MAT), needle and syringe programs (NSP), and “sober
houses” for residential treatment in the capital, Dar es Salaam, and in Zanzibar. Looking toward the future, we discuss the need
to (1) extend existing services and programs to reach more PWID and others at risk for HIV, (2) develop additional programs to
strengthen existing programs, and (3) expand activities to include structural interventions to address vulnerabilities that increase
HIV risk for all Tanzanians.

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