|Type||Thesis or Dissertation - Master of Public Health|
|Title||Utilization of cost sharing funds and its associated factors in procurement of medicines and supplies in public primary health facilities in Kyela district council|
|URL||http://ir.muhas.ac.tz:8080/jspui/bitstream/123456789/1774/1/Dudange Festo John.pdf|
Shortage of essential medicines and supplies in most of public primary health facilities is
among of the main challenges facing the health system in Tanzania. Shortages are mainly
caused by limited budgets for health financing.
In order to reduce budget gaps (Govt tax, donors), cost sharing schemes are used.
Tanzania introduced cost sharing in 1993, aiming at generating revenues to complement
government budget. In 1997, the Ministry of Health developed a cost sharing guideline
which guides facilities on how to manage the funds. It requires facilities to spend at
least 67% of funds for procuring medicines and supplies.
Despite of guideline requirements, most public facilities have persistent shortage of
medicines at an average of 40%. This has compromised the quality of health services
provided to the community
Broadly, the objective of this study was to determine the extent of utilization of cost
sharing fund and its associated factors in procurement of medicines and supplies in Kyela
Materials and Methods:
A facility based cross-sectional study using close-ended questionnaire was conducted in
Kyela district in June 2013. The study involved 25 primary health facilities (24
dispensaries, one health centre) and seven CHMT members. Main respondent at the facility
level was the facility in charge. The study obtained information on extent facilities utilized
cost sharing fund for procuring medicines and other non-medical supplies. Challenges that
were mainly encountered were explored. Results obtained were analysed by SPSS version
16 software. Cross-tabulations of results were done to obtain P values using Fischer’s exact
Results: A total of 32 respondents were included in the study. According to the 25 in
charges, it was found that, most of health facilities 23 (92%) utilized the fund for various
activities, while 2 facilities (8%) did not utilize the fund for any activity in the past 12
months prior to this study. On the other hand, 17 (68%) of the facilities used cost sharing
fund to procure medicines and supplies while 8 (32%) did not procure medicines and
supplies regardless of the shortages they experienced. In general, most of facilities 14
(56%) spent less than 40% of cost sharing fund for procuring medicines, none spent cost
sharing according to the guideline minimum requirement (67%) for medicines.
This study found that, in general most of public primary health facilities have cost sharing
bank accounts, however utilization of funds poorly adhere to Cost Sharing Guideline. The
main challenges reported to affect utilization of funds according to the guideline included:
Inadequate financial management capacities at facility level (48%), long distance from
health facility to the bank (24%), beaurocratic public procurement procedures (20%) and
inadequate technical support from the council (8%).
|»||Tanzania - Population and Housing Census 2012|