This paper is a short version of the Report on the Impact of Trade on Employment Generation in Manufacturing in India submitted to the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS), Ministry of Small Scale Industries, Government of India, in March 2009. I am thankful to the NCEUS for sponsoring this study. I have gained enormously from the discussions that I had with Dr Arjun K. Sengupta, Chairman, NCEUS, other members of NCEUS particularly Dr K.P. Kannan and Dr Ravi Srivastava, and several other experts in a meeting on the employment strategy held at the NCEUS in January 2009 and in the meetings held subsequently on the draft version of the report. Thanks are due to Mr. Shashi Bhushan Ray, Mr. Yashobanta Parida, and Mr. Nitesh Kumar Singh for the excellent research assistance provided by them for this study.