The National Sample Survey (NSS), set up by the Government of India in 1950 to collect socio-economic data employing scientific sampling methods, will start its fifty-eighth round from 1st July 2002.
The fifty-eighth round of NSS is earmarked for collection of data on disability, housing condition, village facilities and slum particulars besides that on household consumer expenditure and employment-unemployment. The field operations of the survey will commence on 1st July 2002 and will continue up to 31st December 2002.
The National Sample Survey made its first attempt to collect information on the number of physically disabled persons during 15th round (July 1959 - June 1960). Thereafter, data on disabled persons were collected in the 16th (July 1960 - June 1961), 24th (July 1969 - June 1970), 28th (October 1973 - June 1974), 36th (July - December, 1981) and 47th (July - December, 1991) rounds. The surveys undertaken during 15th, 16th, 24th and 28th rounds were intended mainly to get a count of the disabled persons of various kinds. In the surveys undertaken during the 36th and 47th rounds, detailed inquiry was made on each type of disability along with the socio-economic characteristics of the disabled.
Housing condition of the people is one of the very important indicators of the socio-economic development of the country. Statistical data on housing condition in qualitative and quantitative terms are needed periodically for an assessment of housing stock and formation of housing policies and programmes. NSS, therefore, started collecting data on housing condition of the dwelling units and basic housing amenities available to them from its 7th round (October 1953 - March 1954) to the 23rd round (July 1968 - June 1969) with the exception in the 13th and 14th rounds. A comprehensive survey on housing condition was first carried out in the NSS 28th round (October 1973 - June 1974) in the rural and urban areas of the country with a sample size of about 1.2 lakh households. The next comprehensive survey on housing condition was carried out in the NSS 44th round (July 1988 - June 1989). The relevant information was collected in detail in a separate schedule canvassed to about 74,000 sample households.
A similar comprehensive survey on housing condition was conducted in the NSS 49th round along with a survey on migration, broad information on which is now being collected quinquennially as a part of the employment-unemployment survey. However an integrated schedule viz. schedule 1.2: housing condition and migration was designed for collecting data on 'housing condition' as well as 'migration'. The design was formulated in such a way that the households living in the slums were adequately represented in the sample of households where the integrated schedule was canvassed. In addition, a schedule, viz. schedule 0.21: particulars of slum was also framed to collect selected information about each of the slums in the sample villages/blocks. Earlier a nation-wide survey on the 'economic condition of slum dwellers in urban cities' was conducted in the NSS 31st round (July 1976 - June 1977).
The fifty-eighth round of NSS will cover disability (both physical and mental), housing conditions, village facilities and slum particulars. In addition, the annual consumer expenditure enquiry covering some key characteristics of employment-unemployment will also be carried out on a sample of four households in each sample FSU.
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) carried out the first country wide comprehensive survey of physically disabled persons during the 36th round survey (July - December, 1981). The next survey on the subject was carried out after a period of ten years in NSS 47th round (July - December, 1991). In NSS 36th and 47th round surveys, information was collected on three types of physical disabilities - visual, communication and locomotor - along with the cause of disability, aid/appliance acquired by the disabled, general and vocational educational level of the disabled etc. In addition, data on developmental milestones and behavioural pattern of all children of age 5-14 years, regardless of whether they were physically disabled or not, were collected.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) made a request for conducting a survey on disability in order to meet the data needs for evolving specific strategies and interventions during the 10th Five Year Plan. The need for a detailed survey on disability was strongly felt by MSJE since its data requirement included not only the number of disabled persons, but also the socio-economic characteristics of the disabled persons such as their age structure, literacy, vocational training, employment, causative factors of disability, age at the onset of disability etc. Keeping in view the urgent data need of the MSJE, the Governing Council of NSSO, in its 81st meeting, decided that the survey on disability may also be carried out as a part of NSS 58th round during July - December 2002. It has been decided that:
(i) The survey of disabled persons will also cover persons with mental disability apart from the physically disabled persons since the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) also requested for information on mentally disabled persons. The decision to include mental disability in the survey has been taken on the basis of a pre-test of the questions on mental disability, both for the listing and detailed schedules, carried out in the four cities of Kolkata, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Delhi.
(ii) The information for different types of disabilities is to be collected for persons of all age-groups. Separate information on the developmental milestones of children will not be collected.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
- v01: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
The schedule on Survey of Disabled Persons (Schedule 26) consists of the following 9 blocks:
Block 0: descriptive identification of sample household
Block 1: identification of sample household
Block 2: particulars of field operation
Block 3: household characteristics
Block 4: demographic and other particulars of household members
Block 5: particulars of disability of the disabled member
Block 6: particulars of enrolment of disabled persons of age 5-18 years
Block 7: remarks by investigator
Block 8: comments by supervisory officer(s)
The identification particulars of the sample village/block and the sample household in which the survey schedule will be canvassed are to be recorded in blocks 0 & 1. Block 2 is meant for recording the particulars of field operations. Certain characteristics of the sample household, such as, size, social-group, principal occupation, etc., meant to be used as classificatory variables will be recorded in block 3. The demographic particulars like age, sex and marital status, of all the normally resident members of the sample household and the particulars of degree of disability, blood relationship between parents, living arrangement, general education, etc. of all disabled members will be recorded in block 4. Block 5 is meant for recording for each disabled member the detailed particulars of disability, such as, type of disability, degree of each type of disability, cause of disability, age at onset of disability, type of aid/appliance acquired etc. The information as to whether or not a disabled child in the age-group 5-18 years was ever enrolled in a ordinary school/special school, whether the child is continuing in that school or not, reason for non-enrolment/discontinuation, etc., will be recorded in block 6. Any relevant remarks of the investigator will be recorded in block 7 and the comments by the supervisory officer(s) in block 8.
The survey covered the whole of the Indian Union except (i) Leh and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir, (ii) interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of the bus route and (iii) villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remain inaccessible throughout the year.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Organisation
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Outline of Sample Design
A stratified multi-stage design was adopted for the conduct of survey of NSS 58th round. The first-stage units were census villages (panchayat wards for Kerala) in the rural sector and the NSSO Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. The ultimate stage units were households in both the sectors.
Sampling Frame for First-Stage Units
For the rural sector, the list of Census 1991 villages (panchayat wards for Kerala) and Census 1981 villages for J & K constituted the sampling frame. For the urban sector, the list of latest available Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks was considered as the sampling frame.
Rural sector: Two special strata were formed as given below at the State/ UT level on the basis of Population Census 1991 viz.
Stratum 1: all FSUs with population between 0 to 50, and
Stratum 2: FSUs with population more than 15,000
The special stratum 1 was formed if at least 50 such FSU's were found in a State/UT. Similarly, special stratum 2 was formed if at least 4 such FSUs were found in a State/UT. Otherwise, such FSUs were merged with the general strata.
From the remaining FSUs (not covered under stratum 1 &2) general strata (hereafter, stratum will refer to general stratum unless otherwise mentioned) was formed and numbered 3, 4, 5 …. etc. (even if no special strata have been formed). Each district of a State/UT was normally treated as a separate stratum. However, if the provisional population of the district was greater than or equal to 2.5 million as per Census 2001, the district was divided into two or more strata with more or less equal population as per population census 1991 by grouping contiguous tehsils. However, in Gujarat, some districts were not wholly included in an NSS region. In such cases, the part of the district falling in an NSS region constituted a separate stratum.
Urban sector: In the urban sector, stratum was formed within each NSS region on the basis of size class of towns as per Census 1991 town population except for towns specified in Table 4. The stratum number and their composition (within each region) are given below:
stratum 1: all towns with population (P) < 0.1 million
stratum 2: all towns with 0.1= P < 0.5 million
stratum 3: all towns with 0.5= P < 1 million
stratum 4,5,6, … each town with P= 1 million
The stratum numbers was retained as above even if, in some regions, some of the stratum is not formed.
There was no sub-stratification in the rural sector. However, to cover more number of households living in slums, in urban sector each stratum was divided into 2 sub-strata as follows:
sub-stratum 1: all UFS blocks having area type 'slum area'
sub-stratum 2: remaining UFS blocks
If there was one UFS block with area type 'slum area' within a stratum, sub-stratum 1 was not formed; it was merged with sub-stratum 2.
Total sample size (FSUs)
A total number of 8338 and 9076 first-stage units were selected for survey in the Central and State samples respectively.
Allocation of total sample to States and UTs
The total sample FSUs was allocated to the States and UTs in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 subject to the availability of investigators ensuring more or less uniform work-load.
Allocation of State/ UT level sample to Rural and Urban sectors
State/UT level sample was allocated between two sectors in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 with double weightage to urban sector.
Allocation of Rural /Urban sector level sample size to strata / sub-strata
Both rural and urban sector samples allotted to a State/UT were allocated to different strata in proportion to population of the stratum. All the stratum-level allocations were adjusted to multiple of 2. Stratum-level sample size in the urban sector was further allocated to 2 sub-strata in proportion to the number of UFS blocks in them with double weightage to sub-stratum 1 subject to a minimum sample size of 2 or 4 to sub-stratum 1 according as stratum-level allocation is 4 or greater than 4. Sub-stratum level allocations in the urban sector were made even.
Selection of FSUs
FSUs were selected in the form of two independent sub-samples in both the sectors. For special stratum 2 and all the general strata of rural sector, FSUs were selected by probability proportional to size with replacement (PPSWR) where size was the 1991 census population. For urban sector and special stratum 1 of rural sector, FSUs were selected by simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR).
Selection of hamlet-groups/sub-blocks / households
Formation of hamlet-group/sub-block
Large villages/ blocks having approximate present population 1200 or more were divided into a suitable number of hamlet-groups/sub-blocks as given below:
approximate present population no. of hamlet-groups/ sub-blocks formed
less than 1200 1 (no hamlet-group/sub-block formation)
1200 to 1799 3
1800 to 2399 4
2400 to 2999 5
3000 to 3599 6
....and so on
For rural areas of Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Poonch, Rajouri, Udhampur and Doda districts of Jammu and Kashmir and Idukki district of Kerala where habitation pattern causes difficulty in listing due to topography of the area, hg formation criterion was relaxed for which number of hamlet groups formed as per population criterion is given below:
approximate present population no. of hamlet-groups/ sub-blocks formed
less than 600 1 (no hamlet-group/sub-block formation)
600 to 899 3
900 to 1199 4
1200 to 1499 5
....and so on
Hamlet-groups / sub-blocks were formed by more or less equalising population. For large urban blocks, the sub-block (sb) having slum dwellers, if any, was selected with probability 1 and was termed as segment 1. However, if there were more than one sb having slum dwellers, the sb having maximum number of slum dwellers was selected as segment 1. After selection of sb for segment 1, one more sb was selected by simple random sampling (SRS) from the remaining sb's of the block and was termed as segment 2. For large blocks (having no slum areas) two sub-blocks were selected by simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR) and were combined to form segment 2. For urban blocks without sub-block formation, segment number was 1 or 2 depending on whether the block was having a slum or not. For large villages two hamlet-groups were selected by SRSWOR and were combined to form segment 2. For villages without hamlet-group formation, segment number was also 2. The segments were considered separately for listing and selection of the ultimate-stage units.
Formation of Second Stage Strata (SSS) and selection of households for schedule 26
In each selected village/block/segment, three second stage strata (SSS) were formed on the basis of disability type. The number of households selected is given below:
Without segment formation with segment formation (for each segment)
SSS 1: households having at least one person with mental disability 4 2
SSS 2: households having at least one person with speech/hearing/ visual disability out of remaining households 4 2
SSS 3: households having at least one person with locomotor disability out of remaining households 4 2
The sample households were selected by SRSWOR from each SSS.
For a household having a person with more than one disability (i.e. multiple disability), SSS was assigned by priority criterion e.g. a household having a person with mental disability as well as locomotor disability was classified under SSS 1 and a household having one person with speech disability and another person with locomotor disability was classified under SSS 2.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The survey period of this round was divided into two sub-rounds of three months duration each as follows:
Sub-round 1: July-September 2002
Sub-round 2: October-December 2002
As far as possible, equal number of sample FSUs was allotted for survey in each of the two sub-rounds to ensure uniform spread of sample FSUs over the entire round. Attempt was made to cover each such FSU during the sub-round to which was allotted. Because of the arduous field conditions, this sub-round restriction was relaxed in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, rural areas of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
National Sample Survey Organisation. India National Sample Survey 2002 (58th Round) - Schedule 26 - Disabled Persons. Ref. IND_2002_NSS58-SCH26_v01_M. Data downloaded from [web] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.