Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis and Nutrition Survey 2012
Since the 1994 Genocide and the total collapse of Rwanda's economy and social services, the country has embarked on rebuilding itself and improving the quality of life of its population. Agricultural production has been continuously increasing and the country is reporting to have produced enough food to feed its entire people since 2008. Health indicators have improved, as has school enrolment, parity between girls and boys in school and access to clean water.
Against this context of socio-economic progress mitigated by population growth, widespread poverty and high levels of chronic malnutrition and food insecurity, it was decided to undertake the third national Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis and Nutrition Survey (CFSVA and Nutrition Survey 2012) in Rwanda. Like previous CFSVAs, the overall objective is to analyze trends of food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability over time, measuring the extent and depth of food insecurity and identifying the underlying causes. In addition, building on the recently released EICV 3 and 2010 DHS surveys, this study looks into social protection issues, food insecurity and malnutrition in Rwanda to formulate recommendations so that interventions to tackle poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition can be adequately targeted and designed (including district plans to eliminate malnutrition) and to help monitor progress in the implementation of the Joint Action Plan to fight malnutrition in Rwanda.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v1.0: Initial survey documentation
Unit of Analysis
Survey was administered to sample household heads, which also included an anthropometric section for women of reproductive age (15-49), children under five years, and a section on infant and young child feeding practices intended only for children between six months and two years.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Rwandan National Institute of Statistics (NISR)
Government of Rwanda
Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI)
Government of Rwanda
World Food Programme
CFSVA and Nutrition Survey Technical Committee
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
United Nations Rwanda
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Canadian International Development Agency
World Vision Rwanda
Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)
The sampling frame was based on the data from the recent EICV 3 (2010/2011) and was organized according to 30 districts. A two-stage cluster sample procedure was applied. In the first stage, 25 villages per district were randomly selected with probability proportional to population size. In the second stage, 10 households in each of the 25 villages in the 30 districts were selected for participation in the survey. A systematic random sampling technique was chosen for this stage. In total 748 key informant interviews were conducted, 7498 households were administered the household questionnaire, and valid anthropometric measurements were taken for 7418 women and 4651 children. The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) module was submitted to mothers or caretakers of all children between six and 24 months (1613 children in total).
Weight calculations for 2012 were based on projected population data from the EICV 3.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
Two instruments were used to collect primary data: a key informant questionnaire and a household questionnaire including an anthropometric section for women of reproductive age, and a section on infant and young child feeding practices intended only for children between six months and two years.
- HOUSEHOLD: Demographics, Housing and Facilities, Livelihoods, Household Assets and Productive Assets, Agricultural Production, Migration & Remittances, Sources of Credit, Expenditures, Food Sources and Consumption, Coping Strategies, Shocks and Food Security External Assistance/Programme participation.
- WOMEN and CHILD: Maternal Health and nutrition, Child Health, Nutrition and feeding practices.
- VILLAGE: Group composition, Demographic and Community Information, Community Infrastructure, Markets (prices of food, animals, daily labour wages), Crop calendar, Assistance projects, Shocks.
The instruments were first developed in English and subsequently translated into Kinyarwanda.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Rwandan National Institute of Statistics (NISR), Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI) and World Food Programme. Rwanda Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis and Nutrition Survey 2012. Ref. RWA_2012_CFSVA_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://nada.vam.wfp.org/index.php/catalog on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping
World Food Programme
World Bank, Development Data Group
The World Bank
Reviewed the DDI
Date of Production
Version 02 (February 2014). Edited version, the initial version (Version 01 - March 2013, DDI-RWA-WFP-CFSVA-2012-v1.0) DDI was done by Souleika Abdillahi (WFP).
Following DDI elements are edited, DDI ID, and Study ID. External resources (questionnaires and report) are attached to the DDI.