National Sample Survey 1995-1996 (52nd Round) - Schedule 25 - Health Care
Socio-Economic/Monitoring Survey [hh/sems]
The National Sample Survey (NSS), set up by the Government of India in 1950 to collect socio-economic data employing scientific sampling methods, completed its fifty first round field operation in June 1995. The fifty second round started from July 1995 to was completed by June 1996.
The 52nd round of NSS primarily focused on health care and education including problems of the aged persons (60 years and above). The survey on consumer expenditure and employment-unemployment were carried out as in the usual annual rounds. This apart, information on availability of some infra-structural facilities to the villages, relevant in the context of social consumption, was collected through a separate block in the listing schedule itself. It may be mentioned that the subjects of health care, education and aged persons were earlier covered in the 35th (1980-81) and 42nd ( 1986-87) rounds of surveys on social consumption by NSSO.
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in its 52nd round (July’95 – June’96) carried out a nation wide survey on social consumption to ascertain the extent of utilisation of facilities in the field of Education and Health.
The four main topics covered in the 52nd round are:
(i) Utilisation of maternity and child health care services
(ii) Morbidity and utilisation of medical services
(iii) Problems of aged persons
(iv) Participation in education
The survey on morbidity was conducted for the first time in the 7th round (Oct. 1953 - March 1954). A full-scale survey on morbidity was conducted in the 28th round (Oct. 1973 - June 1974). The NSSO carried out the first all- India Survey on Social Consumption in its 35th round (July 1980 - June 1981).The second survey on Social Consumption was carried out in the 42nd round (July 1986 - June 1987) , topics of Problems of Aged Persons were included in this round. The third Survey on Social Consumption, was carried out in the 52nd round (July 1995 - June 1996).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households and household members.
- v01: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
The schedule on survey on health care (schedule 25.0) framed for the 52nd round consists of 20 blocks. The different blocks of the schedule are:
Block 0 : descriptive identification of sample household
Block 1 : identification of sample household
Block 2 : household characteristics
Block 3 : demographic particulars of household members
Block 3.1 : particulars of pregnancy(ies) of ever married women of age below 50 years
Block 3.2 : particulars of deaths in the household during last 365 days
Block 3.3 : use of tobacco/intoxicants by members aged 10 years and above
Block 4 : particulars of medical treatment received as inpatient of a hospital during last 365 days
Block 4.1 : expenses incurred for treatment of members treated as impatient of hospital during last 365 days and source of finance
Block 5 : particulars of spells of ailments of household members during last 15 days
Block 5.1 : expenses incurred during last 15 days for treatment of members (not as an inpatient of hospital) and source of finance
Block 6 : particulars of immunisation and other health care for children of age 0-4 years
Block 7 : particulars of pre-natal care of women of age below 50 years who were pregnant during last 365 days
Block 8 : particulars of maternity and post-natal care of mothers of children born during last 365 days
Block 9 : particulars of economic independence and chronic ailments for persons aged 60 years and above
Block 10 : particulars of retirement and/or withdrawal from economic activity for persons aged 60 years and above who were ever employed but are currently not employed
Block 11 : particulars of familial integration of persons aged 60 years and above
Block 12 : particulars of field operations
Block 12.1 : remarks by investigator
Block 12.2 : coments by supervisory officers
The entire area of the country, was covered with the exception of some interior areas of (i) Nagaland and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (ii) Ladakh, Kargil and (iv) Dodha districts of Jammu & Kashmir.
Households, household members, Children ( 0-4 years ), all women of age below 50 years who were pregnant during last 365 days in the household, all mothers of children born during last 365 days in the household, all persons aged 6o years and above in the household.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO)
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Govt. Of India
Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation
Outline of sample design
A stratified two-stage sample design was adopted for the 52nd round .The first-stage units were the census villages for the rural areas (panchayat wards in case of Kerala) and the NSSO Urban Frame Survey(UFS) blocks for the urban areas. The second-stage units were the households in both cases.
Sampling Frame for First Stage Units
The lists of census villages of the1991 census (1981 census list for Jammu & Kashmir) constituted the sampling frame for the rural areas ( panchayat wards for kerela / villages within 5kms of bus route for nagaland / list of accesible villages for andamand and nicobar islands ). For the urban areas, the list of NSSO Urban Frame Survey(UFS) blocks was used as the sampling frame.
Within each district of a State/ UT, generally speaking, two basic strata was formed: i) rural stratum comprising of all rural areas of the district and (ii) urban stratum comprising of all the urban areas of the district. In all, there were 78 regions covering the entire geographical area of the country.
In the rural areas, each district within a region was treated as a separate stratum. However, if the 1991 census population of the district was found to be greater than or equal to 2 million (1.8 million population as per 1981 census for Jammu & Kashmir), the district was split into two or more strata, by grouping contiguous tehsils to form strata.
In the urban areas, strata were formed, within each NSS region, by grouping towns on the basis of the population of towns. All towns with population less than 50,000 formed the first stratum, all towns with population 50,000 -1,99,999 formed 2nd stratum, all towns with population 200,000 -9,99,999 formed 3rd stratum and each city with population 10,00,000 or above formed rest of the starta and so on.
Total sample size (FSUs)
16,480 villages were planned to survey in this round. Of these, 7888 were allocated to the Central sample and the rest to the State sample . In the urban sector, the allocations for the Central and State samples were respectively, 5112 and 6320 blocks. The number of villages and that of urban blocks actually surveyed as the Central sample were 7,663 and 4,991 respectively.
Total sample size(SSUs)
10 households were planned to survey in each selected FSU. In the Central sample, the actual numbers of households surveyed in the rural and urban areas were 71,284 and 49,658, respectively.
Allocation of State/ UT level sample to rural and urban sectors
The sample size of FSUs (rural & urban combined) for the Central sample for a State/U.T. was allocated to its rural and urban areas considering the relative sizes of the rural and urban population with double weightage to the urban areas. The State level rural sample size was allocated to the rural strata in proportion to their rural population figures as per the census and urban sample size of the State/U.T. was allocated to the urban strata in proportion to urban population figures as per the census. All the stratum-level allocations were adjusted to multiples of 8.
Allocation to strata
Within each sector of a State/ UT, the respective sample size was allocated to the different strata in proportion to the stratum population as per census 2001. Allocations at stratum level was adjusted to a multiple of 4 with a minimum sample size of 4.
Selection of FSUs
The sample FSUs in the rural and urban areas were selected circular systematically with equal probability in the form of two independent sub samples (cluster sampling for rural areas of arunachal pradesh).
Selection of SSUs
In each of the selected FSUs, three different enquiries, viz. "Survey on Health Care", "Survey on Participation in Education" and "Survey on Consumer Expenditure", were conducted on three independent samples of households. For the present enquiry, i.e. the survey on "HealthCare", a sample of 10 households was selected for the detailed enquiry. However, before selection, the listed households were first grouped into two second-stage strata.
Formation and selection of hamlet-groups/ sub-blocks
A large FSU was divided into a suitable number of hamlet-groups/ sub-blocks having approximately equal population content.Two hamlet-groups were selected from each large FSU in the rural areas and only one sub-block was selected from each large FSU of the urban areas.
Selection of households (second-stage units)
From each selected FSU (or the selected hamlet-group/sub-block of the FSU for large FSUs), a sample of 4 households for schedule 1.0, 10 households for schedule 25.0 and 6 households for schedule 25.2 were selected for the detailed enquiry. However, before selection, the listed households were first grouped into second-stage strata for sch. 25.0 and 25.2 .
For any schedule type (i. e 25.0 or 25. 2), if there was a shortfall in the required number of households in the frame of any particular second-stage stratum, the quota for the other second-stage stratum/strata had to be increased within the same schedule type so that the required total number of households ( i.e 10 for schedule 25.0 and 6 for schedule 25.2 ) was selected for the particular schedule type from the FSU (or hamlet-groups/sub-block for large FSUs ) for detailed enquiry.
After determining the number of households to be finally selected from different second-stage, the required number of sample households for schedules 25.0 & 25.2 were selected independently from each second-stage stratum by circular systematic sampling with a random start.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The period of survey is from 1st July 1995 to 30th June 1996. The survey period was divided into four sub-rounds of three months' duration each as follows:
sub-round 1 : July - September 1995
sub-round 2 : October - December 1995
sub-round 3 : January - March 1996
sub-round 4 : April - June 1996
In each of these four sub-rounds equal number of census villages and urban blocks as the first-stage units(FSUs) for the rural and urban areas respectively, and households as the secondstage units(SSUs) was covered to ensure uniform spread of sample FSUs over the entire survey period.
Validated unit level data relating to various survey rounds are available on CD-ROMS which can be obtained from the Deputy Director General, Computer Centre, M/O Statistics and PI, East Block No. 10 R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066 by remitting the price along with packaging and postal charges as well as giving an undertaking duly signed in a specified format.The amount is to be remitted by way of demand draft drawn in favour of Pay & Accounts Officer, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, payable at New Delhi. For more details ( including Price list , undertaking form etc) may kindly visit Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation web site ( http://mospi.gov.in).
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). India National Sample Survey 1995-1996 (52nd Round) - Schedule 25 - Health Care. Ref. IND_1995_NSS52-SCH25.0_v01_M. Data downloaded from [web] on [date].
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
M/O Statistics & Programme Implementation
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (July 2013) - Adapted version of a DDI "DDI-IND-MOSPI-NSSO-NSS-52-25.0-2011" received from Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation.