Agriculture and Food Security Project Impact Evaluation 2016, Midline Survey
1-2-3 Survey, phase 2
This is the second round of data collected towards the Impact Evaluation.
The Baseline Survey was conducted in 2013 and the Endline Survey in 2017.
The Nepal Agriculture and Food Security Project (AFSP) aims to improve the livelihood of poor farmers by increasing agricultural output and improving nutritional practices. AFSP is funded by the Global Agriculture and Food Security Project (GAFSP), supervised by the World Bank, and implemented by the Ministries of Agricultural Development (MoAD) and Health (MoH). AFSP includes 19 districts1 of the mid- and far-western development regions of Nepal. It intends to benet 162,000 people living in hill and mountain areas of the country.
According to the Project Appraisal Document (PAD), the Project Development Objective (PDO) is to enhance food and nutritional security of the targeted communities in select locations of Nepal. The project hypothesizes a link between this food security/nutrition and increased productivity of on-farm income from
both cultivation of crops and rearing of livestock. Additional Results indicators for the project include:
- Increase in the productivity of targeted crops
- Increase in the yield of targeted livestock products
- Increase in the proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children between 6-24 months' age adopting appropriate feeding practices.
Following from these objectives, and the indicators laid out in the PAD, the IE was designed in order to capture both the direct targets of the project, as well as its envisioned mechanism pathways. These form the core outcomes measured and described in this report.
In order to achieve its targets, AFSP consists of four components:
1. Technology Development and Adaptation
2. Technology Dissemination and Adoption (TDA)
3. Food and Nutrition Status Enhancement (FNSE)
4. Project Management
The Impact Evaluation (IE) of AFSP concentrates on components 2 and 3. Component 2, TDA, aims to introduce farmers to new production and management methods for both crops and livestock in order to improve their yields and income using a Farmer Field Schools (FFS) approach. Component 3, FNSE, aims to improve feeding practices of young children and of pregnant women, primarily through Behavior Change Communication (BCC).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the survey includes:
Section A: Household Identification
Section A, Part 1: Location
Section A, Part 2: Verification
Section A, Part 3: Date and Time of interview
Section A, Part 4: Target Respondent
Section B: Individual Identification
Section B, Part 1: HH Roster
Section B, Part 2: HH Labor
Section C: Extension
Section D: Agriculture
Section D, Part 1: Plot Identification
Section D, Part 2: Production
Section D, Part 3: Ag Labor
Section D, Part 4: Irrigation
Section D, Part 5: Ag Inputs
Section D, Part 6: Technologies
Section E: Housing
Section F: Assets, Income, Expenditures
Section F, Part 1: Assets
Section F, Part 2: Income
Section F, Part 3: Expenditures
Section F, Part 4: Food Consumption
Section G: Farmer Groups
Section H:Livestock and Poultry
Section H, Part 1: Livestock Roster
Section H, Part 2: Livestock Products
Section I: Finances
Section J: Kitchen Gardens
Section K, Part 1: Dietary Diversity
Section K, Part 2: Months of Inadequate Food
Section K, Part 3: HH Hunger ScaKe
Section N: Insurance
AFSP is being implemented in 19 districts of the Mid- and Far-Western development region of Nepal, and adapted to three agro-climactic zones: hills, low mountains, and high mountains. It is expected to reach about 162,000 beneficiaries.
Producers and sponsors
Paul Christian (Development Impact Evaluation (DIME))
Global Agriculture Food Security Program
Funding Data Collection and TA
South Asia Food and Nutrition Security Initiative
Funding Data Collection
Impact Evaluation to Development Impact
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data collection was supervised by Paul Christian (Economist, DIME), and Gogi Grewal (Field Coordinator, DIME). Saahil Karpe (Research Analyst, DIME) and Michael Orevba (Research Assistant, DIME) also contributed to the effort, monitoring incoming data and cleaning it to the point of uploading in the catalog.
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected on paper at the baseline, and using Android tablets (and an ODK platform) during the midline survey.
New Era Private Limited
External Survey Firm
The questionnaire used across rounds was nearly identical - outside of a few minor changes to language and increased options for some of the multiple-choice questions. The questionnaire is available for download under the Documentation tab.
Data was edited only minimally - to cater for outliers. Even so, the original data for all these variables are still in the dataset.
Research Analyst, DIME
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Development Impact Evaluation (DIME, World Bank). Nepal Agriculture and Food Security Project Impact Evaluation (AFSPIE) 2016. Ref. NPL_2016_AFSPIE-ML_v01_M. Downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.