The study intends to find out the recent changes in the labour market in the food crop sector of Sri Lanka with special reference to factor mobility, labour migration and the impact of using new technology as labour-saving methods. The overall objective of the study is to investigate the new trends of the labour market in terms of labour utilization, labour productivity and mobility within the domestic and global economic environment. More broadly, the study examines the demand and supply pattern of labour, productivity, efficiency, wage rates and labour displacements. The study was conducted in four districts covering paddy, vegetable, kurakkan and maize cultivation in irrigated and rain-fed areas. The report consists of eight chapters, covering main topics mentioned in the study objectives. The chapter one explains the background, objectives, methodology and the scope of the study and the chapter two presents the recent trends in the labour market in Sri Lanka. The chapter three explains the socio-economic background of the sample population with the chapter four detecting the labour utilization pattern with respect to demand and supply, wage rates, etc. The chapter five examines labour productivity, efficiency of labour utilization and technology adoption as labour-saving methods. Labour mobility is discussed in the chapter six and emerging issues and the potential linkages are discussed in the chapter seven. The chapter eight is the summary, conclusions and the recommendations that need to be addressed by the policy makers.