In this study we construct a composite index from a set of non-monetary household living conditions indicators (WCI) in order to analyze the evolution of poverty and inequality in Tunisia between 1988 and 2001 from a multidimensional perspective. We show that poverty significantly decreased during the period, although regional and rural/urban disparities remained unchanged. Poverty is essentially a rural phenomenon. The Northwest and Central West (NW, CW) regions remained the poorest areas of the country. Improvement in housing conditions and in the access to communication tools may be important in the effort to fight poverty.