Growth and non-farm employment: The case of Gujarat

Type Journal Article - Indian Journal of Labour Economics
Title Growth and non-farm employment: The case of Gujarat
Volume 52
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2009
Page numbers 519-536
This paper analyses employment in the primary and other sectors in Gujarat, one of the fastest growing states in India, by using NSS data and the results of a survey of four villages. It has been found that state level employment in the
agricultural sector has stagnated, as opposed to a secular decline at the all- India level. The survey data indicate that employment decisions at the household level are income-dependent and cannot be generalised. While ownership of non- farm assets and higher education determine diversification for the high-income households, poor households diversify due to inadequate means of agricultural production. At the policy level, active diversification into non-farm employment must be promoted, in a regionally diversified and employment-focussed manner, through initial public investment, especially in infrastructure.

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