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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Social Science Research Network
Title Deepening Digital Divide and Widening Spatial Gaps in Indonesia 2005-2009
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2348729
Abstract
This paper investigates the deepening digital divide and widening spatial gaps in Indonesia over half a decade. Data come from the Indonesian national socio-economic survey (Susenas) 2005-2009, and comprise 1.4 million households living in 292 districts. Multilevel analysis is used to account for the effects of district conditions, household socio-economic status, and human capital on digital access. Far from finding a convergence, we can report that the digital divide expanded during this period; the inequality of access by age, income, and education deepens across socio-economic groups and widens across regions. Rather than reducing inequalities, the Internet exacerbates existing social and spatial inequalities.

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