Growth and pattern of rural employment in India in post liberation period

Type Journal Article - Indian Journal of Research
Title Growth and pattern of rural employment in India in post liberation period
Volume 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Page numbers 41-47
The paper aims to describe the employment pattern of a country undergoes significant changes. An increasing number of new jobs opportunities are created in the non-farm sector. In farm sector, development largely takes place in the form of increased productivity and thereby releasing many workers from this sector. As a result of which labour force shifts from farm sectors to non-farm sectors. Besides, the factors such as high wages, fixed working hour, better working conditions, availability of modern facilities etc. In NFS induce the workers to migrate from farm sector to non-farm sector. Economic liberalization and the consequent structural adjustment programmes introduced during 1990s, the shift of an employment opportunity from primary sector to other sectors is increasingly viewed as a positive indicator for better growth and performance of the economy. It is based on secondary data obtained from the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) 1972-73 to 2004-05.

The study reveals that there has been reversal of the declining trend in employment in the period 1993-94 to 1999-00 and 1999-00 to 2004-05. There was a turnaround in employment growth in rural India after a phase of jobless growth during the 1990s. The employment scenario has undergone a change. As per the 61 st round of NSS employment in the period 1999-00 to 2004-05 has increased.

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